By Aunice Reed
A bone marrow transplant generally involves the grafting of blood stem cells from a donor and administering them to a recipient with the purpose of generating new cell growth.
The first (identical twin donor) human bone marrow transplant was performed by Dr. Edward Donnall Thomas, Nobel Prize Laureate of Medicine and Physiology, at the Fred Hutchinson Research Center in 1958. The recipient was a 3-year-old child who had been diagnosed with leukemia, end-stage. Although the procedure did prove to be successful, the child’s disease came out of remission within six months. Read more on WiseGEEK.